A person standing in front of a cockpit

Becoming a Flight Engineer

Flight engineers accompany the aircraft during a flight to carry out checks and make any the necessary adjustments or repairs that may become necessary while in the air. Whereas, aircraft engineers are technicians who ensure the safety of airplanes and that the maintenance of aircraft between flights is of high quality.

The Job:

Most flight and aircraft engineers are based at airports and work for airline companies.

Some are also employed by aircraft manufacturers to assist test pilots and also to carry out final checks on an aircraft prior to its delivery. Other engineers work in the national air forces on defense-related duties, maintaining combat aircraft in a state of constant readiness.

Aircraft engineers are essentially technician engineers who receive reports from flight engineers and pilots at the end of each flight about any problems that may have arisen while the aircraft was in the air. Their job is to carry out a program of routine maintenance of aircrafts between flights, and also to use the reports from flight engineers and pilots to look for and solve specific problems. They make any repairs that may become necessary and ensure that the aircraft is airworthy and ready for its next flight.

When any new piece of equipment is introduced into an aircraft they must be fully aware with its operation and maintenance.

Each system within an aircraft is subject to checks. These include an inspection of the structural integrity of the plane to detect any cracks in the metal. All mechanical systems, including the undercarriage, brakes and tires, ailerons, flaps, and rudder, are also examined. Electronic systems, including those used for navigation, control of the aircraft, and communication with air traffic control must all be fully checked and operational.

Other aspects of the plane that are examined and maintained by these engineers include the fuel and fuel flow, the engines, and electrical power.

Flight engineers accompany an aircraft during a journey as a member of the flight crew. They assist the pilot with all the necessary pre-flight checks. Should any problem arise during a flight, they will give advice and, where possible, carry out emergency repairs.

Training Involved:

The training of flight and aircraft engineers is usually a mixture of on-the job experience and academic study which takes between 2 and 4 years to complete. During training, each system within the aircraft is studied separately and in detail. Common faults that regularly occur are identified so that, in most cases, an early diagnosis can be made of what is wrong and the problem resolved. To help you with the expenses, you might want to consider playing some fun and thrilling sports betting games via www.ufabet168.info/%E0%B9%80%E0%B8%A7%E0%B9%87%E0%B8%9A%E0%B9%81%E0%B8%97%E0%B8%87%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%A5/

Training includes gaining a thorough understanding of maintenance regimes, including the stripping down of many different parts and electronic checks on printed circuits. Trainees must achieve a clear understanding of the difference between normal flight conditions and situations in which serious problems could arise.

Academic studies, sometimes conducted on a part-time basis at a local college, include workshop training, mathematics, and the gaining of a thorough knowledge of the electronics and mechanics that are required for this type of work. The stripping down and reassembly to full working order of particular pieces of equipment are important abilities that all trainees must master.

Useful Qualifications to Have:

Useful subjects include mathematics, science, and physics.

Salary Expectations:

The base salary range of a Field Service Engineer ranges from $55,609 to $77,617 annually, while the median salary for most Field Service Engineers is $66,325 annually. (US Base Pay)

Future Prospects:

Employment prospects for flight and aircraft engineers are generally good in most countries. The civil aviation industry continues to expand. The number of flights each year is highly dependent on the level of international business and the number of people taking holidays abroad. Both continue to increase each year.

The reliability of the electronic equipment is steadily improving, which leaves less work for engineers to do on the repair side. However, engineers are concerned with the whole aircraft and are not reliant on one system within it for their work.

The building of new aircraft is now so expensive that most are manufactured by multinational consortia of aerospace companies pooling their resources. This has reduced the number of opportunities to work within the aerospace industry. Employment with national air forces is entirely dependent on the need for air defense.

For further information, contact local airlines and airports and engineering institutions representing the interests of these engineers.

A man standing in front of a mountain

Becoming a Mine Engineer

Mine engineers, also known as mining engineers, are employed to manage mining and quarrying operations. They also advise on the construction and use of mining equipment and mining methods. Also, minerals engineers are concerned with the processes that extract small quantities of valuable minerals from large amounts of ore.

The Job:

In a mine, the mining engineer is king. Managers of mines are always mining engineers and they also head up the different sections of work in each part of the mine or take responsibility for specialist services. Mining engineers must be good at supervising large numbers of employees all working in difficult, potentially dangerous, and often cramped conditions.

Having taken advice from their geologists, mining engineers decide where and in which direction to develop a mine. They are responsible for the cutting equipment and the explosives. The presence of gas and water in a mine are major concerns and must be controlled. Mining engineers ensure adequate ventilation and the pumping of water out of the areas being worked at any given time.

Apart from these tasks, they are also responsible for the equipment that is required to transport the mined materials to the surface. Equipment includes conveyor belts, lifts, and trucks running on rails.

Mining engineers are personally responsible for the safety of the people working in mines. They tell their teams of workers where to place explosives and train them in their use. Using pit props to keep up the roof and other structures (to maintain the passageways into the mine), they ensure that life for miners is safe. Many miners work in open-cast mines and quarries. The techniques used are similar and the job of mining engineers is still to plan and manage each situation. Studying engineering could get really expensive real fast, to support this, you might want to look into playing บาคาร่าSA online and win and save as much money. 

Minerals engineers, by contrast, are responsible for the processes that extract minerals from the mined ore. The details vary depending on the mineral being sought. In general, however, the ore may be pulverized into small-sized particles. There may be some mechanical separation of different types of stone before the mineral-bearing ore is made to react with chemicals that extract what is required from the process. Heat is sometimes used. Water mixtures are often employed to differentiate between substances of different densities by allowing light particles to float while heavy ones sink The result is a large quantity of waste rock and small quantities of the precious minerals extracted from it.

Both types of engineer – minerals and mining – are very responsible management roles that entail supervising the work and safety of sometimes large numbers of miners or process plant workers.

Some of these engineers will be employed not in mining or quarrying but in designing, developing, manufacturing, and marketing mining equipment. They bring their specialist knowledge to bear on this aspect of the industry for the benefit of equipment manufacturers.

Training Involved:

Initial training lasts for about 4 years and covers every aspect of mine or process management. Safety is of the utmost importance and a comprehensive understanding of health and safety legislation relating to mines and its application in practice is essential.

Ventilation, strata control, the use of cutting machinery, different transport methods, and the safe storage and use of explosives are included in the topics covered in training.

The training of minerals engineers more closely resembles that of chemical engineers.

Their program gives them a detailed understanding of each piece of plant and how its operation can be optimized. Ensuring the flow of raw material into the plant and the removal of large quantities of waste from which minerals have been extracted is an important part of their responsibility.

Those working in the equipment industry are exposed to design, development, production, quality control, marketing, and all the processes that result in high-quality products.

Useful Qualifications to Have:

Useful subjects include: science and mathematics. In many countries, you have to qualify in the professional handling of explosives.

Salary Expectations:

The base salary range of a Mine Engineer ranges from $49,125 to $82,403 annually, while the median salary for most Mine Engineers is $65,500 annually. (US Base Pay)

Future Prospects:

Career prospects vary enormously from country to country. In the past, mining engineers from industrial countries could easily find work in developing countries. Now, these countries tend to train their own nationals for these jobs and strictly control the employment of people from abroad.

In the United States, Australia, Zambia, South Africa and elsewhere, the mining industry is still strong. In the UK however, the availability of cheap natural gas has all but closed the coal mining industry.

For further information, contact national engineering institutions that represent mining and mineral-processing engineers. Also contact organizations of mining metallurgists where they exist.

A person playing a online game in phone

Gain Awesome Mobile Gaming Experience with These Tricks!

As the usage of mobile phones is increasing a lot, people hardly use the PC and gaming console to play the games. Actually, many modern console games and PC are now rendering the customized version for the mobile phone. The mobile phone becomes a major gaming device due to its convenience and comfort of playing. Are you taking mobile Gaming seriously? Are you spending more of your time playing your favoruite games? Well, it is necessary to follow these tips and tricks. It helps you to enjoy the awesome mobile betting experience.

  • Play games with 100% battery

Whether you use smartphones or iPhone, everything is now getting smarter than ever before. For instance, whenever your battery drops below a specific percentage, the mobile automatically switches to the power saving mode to conserve battery. When you play the game on a low battery, you will see a significant drop in the game performance because it is a resource-intensive activity. This is the major reason for recommending to start playing with the full battery. It helps you to enjoy the peak performance and win the gameplay.

  • Keep the device cool

When you play continuously, your device starts to generate more heat. As soon as your mobile gets too hot, it will begin throttling the CPU automatically to cool down. It protects the internal component from any damage. On the other hand, it is extremely hard to hold the hot device. One of the best ways to counteract this action is playing the game in a cool environment. It is better to play in a room that is equipped with an air conditioner. Never use the phone case when you are playing because it helps the phone cool down much faster.

  • Access the developer options

In your mobile settings, you often find the developer options, which provide several settings to play around with. Accessing the specific settings helps you obtain the best gaming experience. You will find the options to enhance the visual quality, sound, and performance of the game. If you really wish to take your Gaming experience to the newest height, then you need to pay something. It is nothing but charging the mobile several times because the higher performance game maximizes the battery drain. Before you consider the developer option, you need to consider these things.

  • Wi-Fi is not a big deal all the time

Even though Wi-Fi is the best way to play the multiplayer games, it is not a perfect option all the time. When you have a bad internet service provider, you tend to notice frequent drops and lags in the connection. It eventually affects your gameplay and its performance. If anyone uses the same network, then your connection will suffer a lot. Using the mobile interest gives you enough stability and renders the fast internet speed. It means you will play without experiencing any lag.
Whenever you think about mobile Gaming especially high-intensity games, you need to keep these tricks in mind.

A person standing in a room

A one-stop shop for LafargeHolcim products in Latin America

Just over a decade since its launch in Ecuador, our retail construction franchise network, Disensa, has built a network of 1,000 stores that spans the Latin America region. Disensa offers easy access to LafargeHolcim products and solutions to self-builders and small-scale contractors.

Disensa, our one-stop-shop

In 2005 we established a retail construction franchise network, called Disensa, in Ecuador. The network laid the foundation for a worldwide expansion that now accounts for 1,000 Disensa stores across Latin America (including Mexico) and more than 600 similar stores in the Middle East and Africa, where they are called Binastore.

Our vision for retail is to offer self-builders and smaller contractors a one-stop shop. Within our stores these customers enjoy easy access to LafargeHolcim’s own building solutions as well as a wide range of other construction materials and services.

The stores support customers with microcredit and technical help as well as complete kits for different phases of home building. They also offer solutions to facilitate construction including financing plans, access to architects and standard building designs.

Laying the foundations of success

To strengthen the foundation we give our franchisees the tools to succeed, for example with training on products, store management, marketing and finance.

With individual customers accounting for around 60% of Group net sales, having direct access to the retail market is a strategic priority. In 2018 we aim to continue broadening our reach, focusing particularly on India and Southeast Asia. This global initiative demonstrates how we are bringing our commitment to commercial excellence to life for our retail customers while developing a strong network of trained franchisees.

A garden in front of a house
Business, Construction,

DURABRIC Homes builds your dream house in Malawi

A beautiful and comfortable house built and delivered to you in 12 to 16 weeks with local, affordable materials. Does this sound like your dream home? Such is the promise of DURABRIC Homes, a turnkey solution launched in Malawi by 14Trees, LafargeHolcim’s joint-venture with CDC. Find out more!

Your dream home in a matter of weeks

Do you remember DURABRIC, our soil-stabilized earth-cement brick for affordable housing? It is now part of a brand new concept launched in Malawi in February 2018. 14Trees, LafargeHolcim’s joint-venture with CDC, the UK’s development finance institution, has developed DURABRIC Homes, a turnkey solution for more beautiful, more affordable houses that are faster to build.

The promise? With DURABRIC Homes, 14Trees delivers your dream home on time (12 to 16 weeks), on budget and in high quality! All that customers have to do is provide their own plot of land, and choose from five free house designs which include kitchens, bathrooms, and even verandas. 14Trees takes care of the rest with its partner contractors to ensure a hassle-free construction process. If you are looking to have one of these, you might want to consider playing some fun and thrilling แทงบอลเว็บไหนดี online to help you with the money you need.

What does DURABRIC offer?

DURABRIC Homes will be built from top quality, climate-friendly and innovative materials including products from the DURABRIC range:

  • DURABRIC soil-stabilized brick, which doesn’t require firing and help fight deforestation,
  • DURABRIC Concrete Blocks, which promotes circular economy by incorporating fly ash from local industry,
  • Other integrated products such as doors, windows, sanitation and a solar water heater specifically sourced for the best quality and price from our partner suppliers,
  • A solar kit can also be provided on demand which will protect against grid blackouts.

The DURABRIC Homes concept is being considered for expansion beyond Lilongwe, Malawi. 14Trees is currently looking at other African countries such as Kenya.

A close up of a clock

LafargeHolcim discontinues its share buyback program with CHF 581 million completed

On March 2, 2018 LafargeHolcim announced the discontinuation of its share buyback program.

The program was conducted using a second trading line on the SIX Swiss Exchange (Valor: 35.568.679; ISIN: CH0355686798) and was completed on March 2, 2018. LafargeHolcim has repurchased 10,283,654 of its shares for a total value of CHF 581,395,290.09 at an average price per share of CHF 56.54.

About LafargeHolcim

LafargeHolcim is the leading global building materials and solutions company serving masons, builders, architects and engineers all over the world. The Group is organized in four business segments – Cement, Aggregates, Ready-mix Concrete and Solutions & Products – and is a partner for clients ranging from affordable housing and small, local projects to the biggest, most technically and architecturally challenging infrastructure projects. As urbanization increasingly impacts people and the planet, the Group provides innovative products and building solutions with a clear commitment to social and environmental sustainability. With leading positions in all regions, LafargeHolcim employs around 80,000 employees in more than 80 countries and has a portfolio that is equally balanced between developing and mature markets.

A plane sitting on the ground

Tailored solutions for major construction projects

Every infrastructure sector has its own specific challenges when it comes to construction and operations. LafargeHolcim’s expert infrastructure teams work from the design stage to deliver sector-specific solutions so that infrastructure projects are more efficient and sustainable, anywhere in the world.

Built to last

Mexico City’s new international airport will be the most sustainable in the world — and we are proud to support it. Our teams designed special concretes able to withstand aggressive sulfate and chloride conditions for 75 years, with a minimal environmental footprint. This project adds to the list of major airports we helped build, a list which already includes Jeddah International and Kuala Lumpur International.

Specific solutions

We also have expertise in mining. In Canada’s Timmins mining camp, we are on-site at one of the worlds deepest underground mines where we’ve developed and continue to supply specialty backfill products to help increase mine output. LafargeHolcim has deployed such mine-specific solutions in more than forty mines across North America, Africa, Europe and Asia Pacific. In Algeria LafargeHolcim worked with contractors and local authorities to develop a range of solutions for road foundations and pavement. As a result we helped lower the cost and construction time of road projects and at the same time made them far more durable (enabling a typical lifespan of 15–20 years, as compared to 2–5 years for conventional road projects). These specific road solutions are now available in more than twenty countries.

A train on a steel track

Geocycle solves a mounting challenge

Geocycle offers a unique and sustainable solution to the problem of increasing global urbanization; co-processing waste for use as fuel in cement kilns.

Building to a circular economy

Fifty million people move to cities each year to find better opportunities for themselves and their children. One consequence is a lot more waste. Between 2012 and 2025, the amount of municipal solid waste generated each year will increase from 1.3 billion tonnes to 2.2 billion tonnes, according to World Bank estimates.

Our Geocycle business offers a unique and sustainable solution to this growing challenge. Today Geocycle treats around 10 million tons of waste annually, serving more than 10,000 customers in over 50 countries. Our aim is to reach 22 million tons by 2025.

Using state-of-the art technology, tailored processes and in-depth expertise, Geocycle converts industrial, municipal and agricultural waste into a suitable material from which mineral and/or combustible components can be recovered in our cement kilns.

The extremely high temperatures required for cement production offer a unique and safe solution to dispose of waste for which no other solution exists. Geocycle thus opens a channel for a ‘circular’ economy: it takes waste that cannot be reused or recycled, treats it and then converts it into a resource.

Geocycle contributes to lower CO2 emissions from cement production by reducing use of natural resources such as fossil fuels and virgin raw materials. Simultaneously it conserves land which would otherwise be used for landfill and reduces air and water pollution as compared to either landfill or incineration. This also significantly reduces the burden on municipalities who need solutions to this ever-growing problem.

Geocycle in Goa

In India about 80% of municipal waste is uncontrolled, dumped and openly burned. The problem is felt acutely in Goa, where the economy thrives on tourism. Local authorities are tackling the problem head-on, showcasing new methods to create a clean and green Goa. In 2017 Geocycle India met with public and private sector players working on landfill remediation.

To demonstrate how they could help, Geocycle co-processed approximately 5,000 tonnes of refuse-derived fuel, winning the trust of authorities. The pilot provided a sustainable model for cleaning up landfills without any future liability for the state government. The Goa site is now being visited by city officials from all over India as a showcase of successful partnership between Geocycle and municipalities. Municipalities of Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai and others are now looking at similar projects.